Towards a blue economy for a sustainable Mediterranean: Indicators and recommendations

At the world level, the economy based on maritime sectors is considered a new frontier for economic development and its Gross Value Added (GVA) could double or even triple between 2010 and 2030. This trend could be similar in the Mediterranean region due to the importance of the economic sectors as tourism and maritime transport.

At the world level, the economy based on maritime sectors is considered a new frontier for economic development and its Gross Value Added (GVA) could double or even triple between 2010 and 2030. This trend could be similar in the Mediterranean region due to the importance of the economic sectors as tourism and maritime transport.

This growth will be strongest in sectors such as offshore energy (natural gas, oil, wind), maritime and coastal tourism, maritime and port equipment related to freight transport and the cruise industry (including ship building, repair and dismantling), raising environmental and social issues. Industrial and small-scale fishing and aquaculture provide numerous jobs but is endangered by over-exploitation. Development of deep-sea resources (bio-resources and mineral extraction) might generate few jobs and raise concerns on its environmental impacts and life patents issues.

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