Marine and coastal biodiversity and resources

Protection of marine and coastal biodiversity and marine resources” was recognized among the main objectives of MSSD 1.0 (chap. 2.7).
In this context, the implementation of the Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol of 1995, entered into force in 1999), and more particularly its Strategic Action Programme for the conservation of Biological diversity in the Mediterranean region (SAP BIO) adopted in 2003, was among leading occupations of the last decade under the lead of RAC/SPA, the coordination of UNEP/MAP and the support of several key actors in the region (ACCOBAMS, FAO, GFCM, IUCN, MedPAN, MedWet, WWF, etc.). Moreover, the extension of the network of Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance (SPAMIs), and the adoption and active implementation of a Regional Working Programme for the Coastal and Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean Sea including the High Sea, in accordance with the global objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the provisions of the SPA/BD Protocol, was also one of the important achievements for the region.
 

Key documents

  • Framework documents

Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean - SPA/BD Protocol (1995) 
Annex II to the SPA/BD Protocol: List of endangered or threatened species (1996, latest amendment: 2013)
Annex III to the SPA/BD Protocol: List of species whose exploitation is regulated (1996, latest amendment: 2012)
Strategic Action Programme for the Conservation of Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean region, 2003 (EnglishFrenchArabicSpanish)

  • Specific documents

Regional Working Programme for the Coastal and Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean Sea including the High Sea (2009)
Action Plan for the management of the Monk Seal in the Mediterranean (1987)
Action Plan for the conservation of Mediterranean marine turtles (1989, latest amendment: 2007)
Action Plan for the conservation of cetaceans in the Mediterranean Sea (1991)
Action Plan for the conservation of marine vegetation in the Mediterranean Sea (2012)
Action Plan for the conservation of bird species listed in Annex II of the Protocol concerning specially protected areas and biological diversity in the Mediterranean (2003)
Action Plan for the conservation of cartilaginous fishes (Chondrichtyans) in the Mediterranean Sea (2003)
Action Plan concerning species introduction and invasive species in the Mediterranean Sea (2003)
Action Plan for the conservation of the coralligenous and other calcareous bio-concretions in the Mediterranean Sea (2008)
Action Plan for the conservation of habitats and species associated with seamounts, underwater caves and canyons, aphotic hard beds and chemo-synthetic phenomena in the Mediterranean Sea (Dark Habitats Action Plan) (2013) 
Regional Strategy for the conservation of Mediterranean Monk Seal (2013) 
 

Useful documents

Sub-regional report on vulnerability and impacts of climate change on marine and coastal biological diversity in the Mediterranean Adriatic countries (2009)
Sub-regional report on vulnerability and impacts of climate change on marine and coastal biological diversity in the North Mediterranean non-Adriatic countries and Israel (2009)
Sub-regional report on vulnerability and impacts of climate change on marine and coastal biological diversity in the Mediterranean Arab Countries (2009)
Synthesis of National Overviews on Vulnerability and Impacts of Climate Change on Marine and Coastal Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean Region (2009)
SAP BIO implementation: The first decade and way forward (2013)
The Mediterranean Sea Biodiversity: State of the ecosystems, Pressures, Impacts and Future priorities (2010)
The Status of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean Sea (2012)
Roadmap: Towards a comprehensive, ecologically representative, effectively connected and efficiently managed network of Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas by 2020 (2012)
Stakeholder Participation Toolkit for identification, designation and management of Marine Protected Areas (2013)
Guidance for building Marine Protected Areas: Guidelines to improve the implementation of the Mediterranean Specially Protected Areas network and connectivity between Specially Protected Areas (2014)
Note on the establishment of Marine Protected Areas beyond national jurisdiction or in areas where the limits of national sovereignty or jurisdiction have not yet been defined in the Mediterranean Sea  (2011)
 

Links

RAC/SPA 
SAP-BIO 
MAPAMED: Database of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean
MedMPAnet: Regional Project for the Development of a Mediterranean Marine and Coastal Protected Areas (MPAs) Network through the boosting of MPAs Creation and Management
SPAMIs in Open Seas: Joint Management Action of EC with UNEP/MAP for identifying and creating Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance in the open seas, including the deep seas