Climate change

The IPCC's 5th report (ARS, 2014) reminded that the Mediterranean Basin is a climate change hotspot. Prospects of sustainable development for the Mediterranean societies will be strongly affected in the next few years by climate change impacts. Nevertheless, institutional frameworks and cooperation projects about adaptation are being implemented at regional level.

The Mediterranean:one of the regions most vulnerable to climate change

It is now widely recognized that the Mediterranean region is a hot spot of climate change. According to the IPCC, it is expected a temperature rise of 2 to 3°C in the Mediterranean region by 2050, and from 3 to 5°C by 2100. In this scenario, summer rainfalls could decrease by 35% on the southern rim and by 25% on the northern rim by the end of the century. Climate change impacts such as rising sea level, sea acidification and increased storms frequency and intensity have also dramatic effects on coastal areas and are as much impacts threatening biodiversity and populations.

Mediterranean countries are already facing important issues of water stress, desertification, biodiversity decline and extreme climate events such as floods and droughts. Climate change will most probably worsen these problems, causing significant human and economic losses. However, institutions and governments took stock of the phenomenon and act together to develop adaptation measures.
 

Plan Bleu's works to support climate change adaptation in the Mediterranean

As climate change impacts and adaptation would be one of the major issues for sustainable development progresses Plan Bleu have been participating in several projects in order to support Mediterranean countries in their effort to define and implement climate change adaptation policies.
 


MedECC Network

Since 2015, a network gathering some 370 scientists and academics from all the Mediterranean rim countries is building up: the MedECC network. This Mediterranean experts’ network is tangible evidence of the MSSD 2016-2025 flagship initiative on climate change adaptation. The network’s objective is to produce by 2019 the first report on environment and climate changes in the Mediterranean region. This report is not meant to be prescriptive, and is not designed to propose solutions, but rather to propose a framework from which solutions could be devised by decision-makers. Plan Bleu actively supports MedECC as member of the Steering Committee and by participating in the organization of thematic workshops in order to prepare this first regional assessment report.

More information about MedECC: http://www.medecc.org/

Main Partners:  Aix-Marseille University (AMU)Labex OT-MED

Key figures

Temperature could rise of 2 to 3°C in the Mediterranean region by 2050, and from 3 to 5°C by 2100

Summer rainfalls could decrease by 35% on the southern rim and by 25% on the northern rim by the end of the century
 

Partners

ENEA, Météo-France, MedPartnership, CMCCAix-Marseille University (AMU)Labex OT-MED
 

More information

Clim-Run project

Climagine

ClimVar project

MedECC

Activities carried out on energy issues
 

Contact

Antoine Lafitte