Green economy / Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP)

At the World Summit Rio+20, the need to change unsustainable way societies consume and produce was reaffirmed as one of the 3 overarching objectives for sustainable development. It was also acknowledge that governments should renew their commitment to shift towards SCP patterns with the adoption of the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production patterns (10YFP).  Furthermore, negotiations on the post-2015 development agenda, and on the associated sustainable development goals (SDGs), indicate that there is a strong interest in embedding the objective of SCP in both. Shifting to sustainable consumption and production patterns is seen by many as central to achieving sustainable development.

In the Mediterranean, the 22 Contracting Parties of the Barcelona Convention recognize the importance of switching to more sustainable patterns of production and consumption in order to achieve sustainable development. They have been progressively integrating SCP within the regular implementation programmes of the Convention, the Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP), and defining biannual SCP programmes of work. Since 2005, many actions have been developed through the main programmes for regional cooperation to raise awareness about SCP and to provide capacity building and technical assistance to the countries of the region. Furthermore, in December 2013, during the 18th Conference of Parties (COP 18) of the Barcelona Convention in Istanbul, the Contracting Parties adopted a Decision on SCP (Decision IG. 21/10 on the Development of an Action Plan on Sustainable Consumption and Production in the Mediterranean) and “Request the Secretariat to prepare, with the support of the SCP/RAC and timely and constant involvement of relevant National Focal Points, a Mediterranean SCP Action Plan including the corresponding Roadmap, addressing the Region’s common priorities for sustainable development, including pollution reduction; and identifying SCP actions and tools to effectively implement the obligations under the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols […].

After a preparatory phase, the development of the SCP Action Plan is currently approaching the end of its consultation phase. Two regional meetings were organized, one with regional and international organizations and the other with SCP/RAC National Focal Points and were complemented by an on-line consultation platform.

The consultation process begun on the 1st and 2nd of October in Marseille with an on-site consultation involving around 40 international, Euro-Mediterranean and Mediterranean organisations. The participants were invited to provide inputs for the 4 priority economic sectors around which the action plan is articulated: food and agriculture, Goods manufacturing, tourism and housing and construction. They identified the challenges, possible actions and key stakeholders to be involved for each sector (The results of the meeting can be downloaded below).

This first consultation meeting was held back to back with the Expert Workshop on Green Economy in the framework of the Review of the Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development (MSSD Review), organised by Plan Bleu in order  to ensure coherence and synergies between both processes, the  SCP Action Plan and the MSSD Review.

Following the Marseille Meeting, an on-line consultation corner was set up within the SWITCH-Med platform. The online contributors have been invited to complement the outcomes of the Marseille meeting; they were given the opportunity to provide inputs for one or several sectors.

On the basis on the results of this consultation phase with regional and international organisations, a first draft of the SCP Action Plan for the Mediterranean was elaborated and shared with government representatives in view of a consultation meeting with them. This milestone took place in Barcelona on the 25th and 26th of  November, where the SCP/RAC National Focal Points gathered for an Extraordinary meeting provided their feedback on the first draft of the SCP Action Plan for the Mediterranean. During this meeting, government representatives of 22 Mediterranean countries (Albania, Algeria, Cyprus, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Jordan and Palestine) and the EC were given the opportunity to provide their feedback on the structure of the Action plan and discuss about its strategic and operational objectives for each of the 4 economic sectors. Following this meeting, a 2nd draft is being prepared and will be shared with the SCP/RAC Focal Points by the end of January.

The consultation phase will conclude with the presentation of the SCP Action Plan during the Conference on the Review of the Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development (MSSD), that will take place in Malta on the 17th and 18th of February 2015. This meeting, organised in the framework of the MSSD review consultation, will allow ensuring further coherence and synergies between the two processes and will mark the entry of the SCP Action Plan for the Mediterranean in its validation phase.

Key documents

First Draft of the SCP Action Plan for the Mediterranean

Consultation paper for the preparation of the SCP Action Plan for the Mediterranean

Results of the regional stakeholders’ consultation meeting on the SCP Action Plan for the Mediterranean, Marseille, 1-2 October 2014

SWITCH-Med SCP policy Toolkit on mainstreaming SCO into key economic sectors in the Mediterranean

Useful documents

SCP, a cornerstone in the implementation of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols. Draft Baseline report for the preparation of the SCP roadmap for the Mediterranean

SCP Indicator Framework for the Mediterranean (SCP/RAC - brochure)

A framework for SCP indicators in the Mediterranean (SCP/RAC- report)

Addressing the drivers of the Mediterranean ecosystem degradation. The SCP approach in the application of the Ecosystem Approach to the management of human activities in the Mediterranean (SCP/RAC - report)

Toward Green Growth in Mediterranean Countries (2012 MED Report)

Mediterranean Ecological Footprint Trends (Global Footprint Network report) & Key findings

Towards a Green Economy: Pathways to Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication (UNEP report, 2011) 


UNEP Green economy 
Euro-Mediterranean cooperation on environment and climate change: UfM holds Ministerial Meeting in Athens (13/05/2014)