Coastal area


Coastal zones, vector of regional cooperation, are an area of ​​convergence and competition which both links and separates. Integrated coastal zone management represents a new tool for Mediterranean integration.

Plan Bleu's activities, from years 2000 up to now

As an observatory for environment and development in the Mediterranean, coastal areas are subject to programs and activities:

  • Plan Bleu's participation in Coastal Area Management Programmes (CAMPs) has been undertaken in the framework of accreditation from the Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) and a bordering Mediterranean country. Plan Bleu's contribution in CAMPs cover inputs of a systemic and prospective analysis, named 'Imagine', for the development and sustainable management of Mediterranean coastal zones.
  • More recently, the 'Imagine' method has been upgraded in a way of its adaptation to the objectives of new projects where Plan Bleu is involved, namely Mediterranean forest ecosystems and adaptation to climate variability and change impacts in coastal zones.

An international agreement and a regional protocol for coastal zones

  • On 24th March 2011 after the ratification of five countries and the European Union, an international agreement on the Mediterranean coast came into force in the form of a regional protocol on ICZM.
  • This protocol is crucial in MAP's history and enables countries to better manage their coastal zones by acquiring coastal policies to ensure a balance between environmental protection and economic development and adapt to emerging issues such as climate change.
  • The European research project named PEGASO (2010-2014) shall allow, through prospective studies and tools development (indicators, scenarios, economic evaluations), to support the implementation of the ICZM Protocol in the Mediterranean.

Next activities for mediterranean coastal regions

  • Adaptation of the 'Imagine' method towards 'Climagine' in the frame of  "Integration of climate variability and change into national ICZM strategies" project. It is an additional part of MedPartnership program, funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) under the "Sustainable Med" program.
  • Refinement of indicators' calculation for sustainable development of coastal zones.
  • New state of the art and prospective analysis (prospective analysis Med 2050, revision of the MSSD, ...) about relationships between  Development and Environment according to main regional issues already identified (North/South relationships, green and blue economy, water supply, food safety, sea level rise,...).


Key figures

Nearly 40% of artificialized coastline.

By 2030, + 41% of inhabitants on the Mediterranean south shore.

Salt marshes and deltas area divided by two during the 20th century.

Currently, 5% of the Mediterranean area under protected status.

For the regional sea, rising sea level is estimated between +0.20 and +0.60 m by 2100.


PAP/RACSPA/RACCP/RACIfremer, countries environmental ministries, Universities


Blue economy 

More information

The Barcelona convention and its protocols 
ICZM protocol 


Antoine Lafitte