Ten seabirds added to the Mediterranean list of endangered or threatened species

The updated list of endangered or threatened species found in the Mediterranean entered into force in September 2018. It now includes 10 additional bird species classified as endangered or threatened. This list is established under the Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity Protocol (SPA/BD Protocol) of the Barcelona Convention. The list is now totaling 25 seabirds.

The Mediterranean Sea is considered an important habitat for seabirds, including particularly the Critically Endangered Balearic shearwater, the endemic Yelkouan shearwater and the little tern.

The ornithological calendar of the Mediterranean is dominated by the seasonal migrations of birds from Europe to Africa in autumn and vice versa in spring. Many species breed in Europe over-winter in the Mediterranean basin. Several marine ones breed in the Mediterranean and migrate to the Atlantic Ocean after the breeding season. Nonetheless, the Mediterranean is the home of several hundred bird species, some of which occur exclusively in this climatic zone.

Article 12 of the Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity indicates that “The Parties shall ensure the maximum possible protection and recovery of the species of fauna and flora listed in the Annex relating to the list of endangered or threatened species”.

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