Urban areas

Towards a Euro-Mediterranean sustainable urban strategy

Faced with the expected influx of almost 100 million additional town-dwellers in the countries bordering the Mediterranean by 2025, promoting sustainable urban development has been deemed crucial in the Mediterranean.

Littoralisation of an increasing urban population

By around 2050 the urban population in the countries on the European shore is expected to double. A good third of this growth will take place in Mediterranean coastal regions, particularly in coastal cities.

Growth prospects of Mediterranean cities are just prefiguring a worsening of current problems: excessive land consumption; more rapid degradation of architectural heritage; aquifer pollution; inefficient waste management and the cumulative effect of all these factors on the environment and human health.

Two priorities: transports and mobility, wastes management

The type of spatial growth of the cities will determinate what will be their energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. These emissions will vary according as to whether the cities of the south will tend towards the sprawling city model, with long distances, conducive to car dependence, or toward that of a dense city; structured by a land-use planning and a transport supply granting priority to mass transportation.

Twice as much municipal waste is currently produced in Europe as in the Maghreb countries. With the economies of these countries becoming increasingly open to international trade, growing consumption is consequently bringing about changes in the production and composition of waste.

Towards a balanced and sustainable planning and development of cities and regions

A multi partner programme aiming at strengthening capacities and public policies on transport and urban mobility was implemented to develop a methodological tool box for Mediterranean cities, stimulate partnership building and disseminate good practices.

On urban waste a multi-annual programme of work (2009-2012) was conducted intending to evaluate urban waste trends in both quantitative and qualitative terms.

As a member of the urban working group of the secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean, Plan Bleu has contributed to the elaboration of the strategy for sustainable urban Euro-Mediterranean.

Key figures

Two in every three people living in urban areas.

By around 2050 around 170 million inhabitants in the countries on the European shore (140 million in 2005), over 300 million to the South and East (151 million in 2005).

By around 2030, around 42 million additional dwellings needed mainly in the cities.

In the Middle East and North Africa region, waste production, currently standing at 63 million tonnes per annum, expected to reach almost 135 million by 2025.


AECID, AFDCertu, CMI, CODATU, EIB, MEDDE, Veolia environnement, World Bank

More information

Urban mobility and sustainable development in the Mediterranean: regional diagnostic outlook

Urban waste and material flow analysis outline in the Mediterranean

Towards a Euro-Mediterranean sustainable urban strategy (EMSUS) within the framework of the Union for the Mediterranean